Obesity - excess fat deposition in the body can be either an independent multifactorial disease, or a syndrome that accompanies other diseases. The vast majority of people suffer from a form of obesity, which doctors call "alimentary-constitutional," that is, obesity is associated with a violation of the diet.

The so-called "simple" obesity is a multifactorial disease, its most obvious reasons include: 1/excess calorie foods with a predominance of fats and carbohydrates; 2/chaotic diet; 3/physical activity insufficient in relation to the consumed food; 4/parenting rewarding sweets as a reward. The set of products is standard, people use essentially the same foods 5-6 times a week, and systematic correction of eating behavior in this case gives good results. As a rule, patients are not aware of the real calorie intake of alcoholic products. Obesity is the most powerful risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, up to 90% of patients with this type of diabetes suffer from it. Dangerous, but inevitable companions of obesity are sleep apnea syndrome (a person temporarily stops breathing), arthrosis, an increase in the incidence of cancer of the colon and gall bladder. In women, obesity is accompanied by a high frequency of anovulation (ovulation disorders), menstrual irregularities, infertility associated with impaired production of sex hormones, hyperplasia and endometrial polyposis, and a high risk of developing endometrial cancer of the cervix, ovaries, and mammary glands. In obese patients, the function of sweat and sebaceous glands is often increased, the skin is moist, greasy, with pustules, eczema. Inguinal and umbilical hernias are typical.

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