Ovarian cancer is a primary, secondary, or metastatic tumor lesion of the female hormone-producing sex glands - the ovaries. In the early stages, ovarian cancer is not very symptomatic; pathognomonic manifestations are absent. Common forms are manifested by weakness, malaise, decreased and distorted appetite, impaired gastrointestinal function, dysuric disorders, ascites. Diagnosis of ovarian cancer includes physical and vaginal examination, ultrasound, MRI or CT scan of the pelvis, laparoscopy, the study of the cancer marker CA 125. In the treatment of ovarian cancer, the surgical approach (panhisterectomy), polychemotherapy, radiotherapy are used.

Ovarian cancer is in seventh place in the structure of general oncopathology (4-6%) and takes third place (after cancer of the uterus and cervical cancer) among malignant tumors in oncogynecology. More often, ovarian cancer affects women of the premenopausal and menopausal period, although it is no exception among women under 40 years of age.


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